Automation systems can be defined as a technology related to mechanical applications, electronics and computer-based systems (computers, PLCs or microcontrollers). All of them combine into one to provide functions to the manipulator (mechanical) so that it will have a certain function.
History of the development of automation system begins with centrifugal governor that serves to control the speed of the steam engine made by James Watt in the eighteenth century. With the development of computers, the roles of conventional automation systems that still use simple mechanical devices gradually fade. The use of computers in an automated system will be more practical because in a computer there is billions of computing in a few MILLI seconds, compact because a PC has a relatively small size and provide better functionality than a mechanical controller. For info about system just visit Automation System Kuwait
Basic element of automation system
There are three basic elements that become absolute requirement for automation system, that is power, program of instruction, control system all to support process of automation system.
Power or can be said energy source of automation system function to move all components from automation system. Energy sources can use electrical energy, battery, or ACCU, it all depends on the type of automation system itself.
Program of instruction
The work process of the automation system absolutely requires a control system using either mechanical, electronic or computer. For instruction programs / commands on mechanical control systems and electronic circuits do not use programming language in the real sense, because it is analog. For control systems that use computers and their families (PLC or microcontroller) programming language is mandatory.
The programming language as illustrated in the following figure will give commands on the manipulator with the intermediate driver as an amplifier. Commands like “out”, “out port”, “out32” actually only give commands for milliseconds in the form of currents on the manipulators that will then be amplified.